Acne Information

Acne is the most common skin disorder in the US affecting 17 million people, and not all of them teens. From infants to the elderly, 80 % of the population experiences acne at one time or another.

When skin cells block our pores, acne results. Closed pores result in whiteheads, open pores in blackheads. Red inflamed areas occur when acne bacteria break through the blackhead or whitehead. Most people with acne experience a combination of these three.

Acne is the term for pimples and complexion problems which occur in young people and some adults. Pimples usually occur on the face, but may involve the neck, chest, back and upper arms. Acne is only a skin problem and does not affect your general health.

Blackheads can form in almost any skin type. Accumulation of oil, debris and dead skin lead to less than perfect skin. Our acne wash with salicylic acid penetrates deep into clogged pores to help eliminate most acne blemishes and keep pores clog-free. It quickly and efficiently removes trouble-causing dirt and oil. salicylic acid has been clinically proven to treat blackheads at the source: inside the pores! this cleanser is multi-faceted. It PREVENTS future blemishes from forming and TREATS current blackheads by loosening the "glue" that holds them together. Excess humidity and hot weather along with increased oil production are well known culprits. One way to lessen the accumulation of blackheads is to treat your skin with a salicylic acid cleanser twice daily, then apply a leave on product and, of course, an oil-free sun block.

Causes:

At puberty, the oil glands of the skin start producing an oily material called sebum. Sebum lubricates the skin. Sometimes the wall of the oil gland breaks and spills the sebum within the skin which causes redness, swelling, and pus (in other words, a pimple). Plugged oil glands may form blackheads and whiteheads. Blackheads are not caused by dirt.

There is a bacteria that normally lives on the skin called Propionibacterium acnes. This bacteria lives on the sebum produced by the skin oil glands. Sometimes, this bacteria multiplies and causes inflammation and acne.

Acne is built into your genes; it runs in families.

In women, acne frequently worsens at the time of menstruation.

Foods do not cause acne. In some people, certain foods will make acne worse. The most common ones are chocolate, nuts, carbonated beverages, and milk. Most people's acne is not aggravated by these foods.

Acne may become worse under stress.

Cosmetics often make acne and blackheads worse.

Adult women often have trouble with acne through middle age. The reason is unknown.

A very common problem... acne-like conditions are very common and is not limited to teenagers. acne is the most common skin disorder in the US affecting 17 million people, and not all of them teens. from infants to the elderly, 80 % of the population experiences acne at one time or another. scrubbing with harsh soaps or cleansers and using some acne medications can irritate and dry your skin, making your acne or blackheads worse.

Treatment:

Without using prescription medication, the best acne treatment is to use Liquid Oxygen Acne Cleanser (with benzoyl peroxide) or Liquid Oxygen Acne Wash (with salicylic acid). Some people are allergic to benzoyl peroxide.

Dirt does not cause acne. You need to wash your face twice a day with a mild non-soap cleanser. Do not pick or squeeze your pimples, as it can leave scars. Acne surgery can be done using sterile instruments to remove blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples.

There is no medical cure for acne. The condition can be controlled with acne treatment, but not cured. Many people do outgrow acne.

Sunlight may help some acne patients, but is not recommended. Sunlight causes aging, wrinkling of the skin, and skin cancer.

If cosmetics are used, they should be oil-free (the kind that separates into two layers). Cosmetics labeled water-based may still contain oil. If a moisturizer is used, it should be labeled non-comedogenic which means does not cause pimples.

Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to put on the skin, or to take by mouth. Retin-A can also be used on the skin. An effective acne regimen is to combine Retin-A with glycolic acid peels every few weeks. This involves coming to the office every two weeks to have a weak acid applied to the face. The acid removes the surface material from the skin that causes pimples to form. The face is left red and irritated for a few days. Once your acne is under control, the glycolic acid peels only need to be done every three months or so. When you come in for a light peel, the esthetician can also remove any blackheads or whiteheads that are found. Beta hydroxyacid peels also are effective for treating acne

Accutane is a drug taken by mouth which is reserved for severe acne. Accutane has many side effects and if taken during pregnancy will cause birth defects. Patients taking Accutane must have periodic blood tests and checkups.

There are many different acne treatment options. Not all people respond to the same treatments. If the first medications do not work, chances are the second ones will.

One of the newer treatments that just got released is - laser! It looks very promising and our office is considering purchasing it. I think it will revolutionize acne treatment.

Basic skincare advice for acne prone skin

  • Cleanse with a gentle cleanser every morning and night to remove dirt, oil and makeup without overhydrating or removing too much of your skin's natural oils.
  • Exfoliate to remove dead skin cells to reveal fresh, vibrant skin and stimulate your complexion at least 3 times a week.
  • Tone your skin with an alcohol-based toner to tighten pores and remove any traces of cleanser or other residue.
  • Moisturize in the morning and night with a gel or oil-free lotion to protect and not aggressively hydrate your skin.


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